Letters are pronounced as follows: Ah, Ba, Cha, Da, Eh, Fa, Ga, Ha, Ie, Ja, Ka, La, Ma, Na, Oh, Pa, Ra, Sa, Ta, Uw, Va, Wa, Ya, and Za. Adding -ta (same as -taa though I regulate such words here) and -za to some verbs makes them nouns and there are so many formed like that eg otuta = arrangement (also otutaa) and otuza = arrangement; adding -jo means "house of" eg arojo = drugshop or hospital; adding -zu to a verb means "for" eg edrizu = for sending whereas adding -a to a noun means "in" or "at" eg aru-a = in prison. adrekini) eg Iwa adreni muke ku 'ba andrale eli 120 pini. agara'ba (n) whiteman (also ogara'ba), sb with axe agata (n) passing, exceeding; [refusal to do sth when asked] agati (n) chest agaza (n) victory, triumph, success (also ndeza) agba (v) hit, split rocks Agbinika Falls (n) waterfalls on River Koch granitic rockbed of about 30 meters with natural trees and forest reserve suitable for picnic activities located in Romogi (Yumbe) agaza (n) victory, triumph, success (also ndeza) agbatara (n) debate, discussion eg Noeli ni agbatara-a. ageia (n) in sb or sth's proximity eg Remi ri eri ma adeia. ageini (n) the neighbouring area (also ageyini) agele (n) penis (also rua agupini, anja) agele dri (n) penis foreskin agele dri edeza (n) circumcision (agele dri liza) ageyi te (v) take care, wait on, watch over sb or sth ageyitema (n) watch, watchfulness, security (also ageyiteza, ageitema) agi (n) friend (also agyi, alipi) eg Abu Bakari ni andra Muhammadi ma Agi Ndeni. ago (n) male animal, husband, boyfriend; [pumpkin] (totem for Logiri) agobi (n) pumpkin leaves eg Aparaka ma tibi agobi. [Lugbara Proverb] agofe (n) pillar, post, in charge agofuku (n) love potion, sth a Lugbara woman does to keep her husband safe from being snatched by another woman like cooking her man's favourite food, spices, smelling nice, dressing enticingly, sex, submission, respect or peaceful disposition agolirua (n) evening star agopa (n) pumpkin stem agrikeca (n) agriculture (also azi amvu ni, amvu 'yaza) agu (n) person; [(v) bend (also avu)] agu a'di 'dipi driwala ijizu (n) freedom fighter agu aci osupi (n) electrician eg Judi ni agu aci osupi nda. agu angu onepi (n) tourist agu azoru (n) patient agu 'ba ni oni tu (n) famous person/ people, celebrity agu blogu sipiri (n) blogger agu e'bi okupi (n) fisherman agu e'yo dapiri (n) moderator, presenter (also agu odapiri) agu motoka onzupi (n) driver (also dere'ba, dereva) adu mupira tupi (n) footballer agule (n) transmasculine agupia (adv) married (for women) agwara (n) dance by the Lugbara and Kebu ai (n) salt; [(v) trap with rope or string, get caught, accept, welcome, respond, admit, affirm, pray; ask] (archaic a'i) eg Rubeni ni mu MUNGU ai Dominion Theata-a.Lugbara phrases are spoken in several dialects (clan-wise) but the Muni Suburb (Ayivu) version, from which many of the explanations below are based, is the one approved for teaching in schools. Lugbara follows the Subject-Verb-Object linguistic topology like English eg Nema le ongo. However it changes to Subject-Object-Verb in Present Continuous Tense when you add ni (singular) or ki (plural) after the Subject eg Wu ni mucele a'di. Adjective usually follows Subject eg buku eka = red book. = Alcohol is not good for persons under the age of 120. = Reuben is going to pray to GOD at the Dominion Theatre. If it's hard like a stone, then FATHER will be happy!e'yo li (v) judge e'yo lipiri (n) judge (also agu e'yo lipiri) e'yo liza (n) judgement, justice (also e'yo amaza muke ri), the early Lugbara had a boiling medicine oracle (diviner) who used a snail shell - the operator pours medicine from the pot into small clay cups set in a smouldering fire (Smaller cups represent suspects and the larger with a handle confirms verdicts) e'yo ndu ndu efini be (n) glossary e'yo niza (n) knowledge e'yo nzeza (n) spoken word e'yo o'beza (n) proverb(s) e'yo politiki ni (n) politics e'yobuku (n) dictionary eba (n) buck ebe'de (n) tea without sugar (also ibe'de) Ebenezer (n) Ebenezer Show or Overnight on New Year's Day in Arua City ebi (adj) fresh, raw, wet; [(v) gum, glue, paste] ebibi (n) leaves, (also ebiko) eca (v) arrive (also ica) eg Aci eca 'bo! ecandi (v) mistreat, molest, torture ece (v) show, explain, demonstrate; [miss, (n) calabash (also erece, zukulu)] ecea (n) type of gourd (also okelea) eceta (n) missing; [vision] (also iceta) ecetaru (pas. Liru and Wati, drains into Enyau Eruba (n) place near Odia Nyadri on the Nebbi Highway at the junction heading to Vurra, name given by Kebu during their migration meaning "Respect people, do not transgress" ese (n) grasshopper; [(v) pull] (also ise) esekele (n) midst eg Ama esekele-a! esele (n) demarcation, border, difference, variant, variation, division in exam results eg Anzi 100 aga ki Esele 1 ma-a. esese (n) gum, glue Esita (name) Esther (also Esiteri) eskoti (n) escort, accompaniment for e'bede tea such as groundnuts, potatoes, cassava, etc eg Okiror ni eskoti nya. esu (n) tendon, muscle; [(v) find, get (also isu)] etata (n) run off, torrent etatangule (n) tadpole eti edo (v) invest, start up a business eti edoza (n) start-up (investment), beginning etia (prep) underneath etiriko (n) snail etirili (n) cricket (also etiringili) eto (v) rescue eg YESU, mi eto ma! etoo (n) hare, rabbit (also otoo) etota (n) redemption (also etoza) etra (v) collect, gather etru (v) come close; [untie] etu ambo (n) day of celebration, public holiday, Christmas Etu ambo 'Ba ma kalafe (Wudrikuru-a) isuzu ri (n) World Population Day etu ni deria (n) west (also ayia, woko etu ni deria) etu ni efuria (n) east (also andrale, woko etu ni efuria) etuka (n) sunshine etusi (adv) during the day etusile (n) sunshine euetere (n) breakfast (also obiti) eve (v) burn (also ive) eveza (adj) burnt evu (n) basket made from sorghum stems or shoots and used for gathering harvests evua (n) small basket plate ewa (n) elephant; [difficulty, beer (also iwa), strength] eg Ewa ni fe agupi ki eyi ma oku co. Ewanga (n) parish according to Ministry of Finance but subcounty according to the Ministry of Local Government, island-like extension on River Enyau which is a tributary of River Nile separated from Moyo by River Foligo, former parish under Rigbo Subcounty and part of Aringa in old maps but now a subcounty on its own, also claimed to be Madiland Ewapa (n) Elephantiasis ewaru (adj) difficult (also ewaewa, iwaru, owaowa) eg Fe eca ewaru tu mani mi lezu. ewasi (n) elephant tusk, ivory ewe (v) sweep (also iwe) ewu (n) era, period, season (also mange) Ewuata (n) suburb south of Arua City and west of Muni near Nebbi Highway eyi (pron) they, them eg Ocitia ji eyi Malayika-a. eyio (n) crocodile eza (n) meat; [sin (also ezata, izata), (v) spoil (also iza)] eg Andala nya eza ku. ezata (n) act that destroys eze (n) dung, faeces, waste eg 'Ba atri ongo omvele "Eze" avizu redio-a. kapia (n) stork karakara (pron) many karakara fe (n) white man karani (n) secretary, clerk eg Kalibala ni karani. karata (n) playing cards karatasi (n) paper karatasi biasara niri (n) licence (also kokobi tujara 'yezu) karati (n) karate kari (adj) young female animal (of a cow, goat etc), kingdom, nation, tribal house eg Lugbara Kari = Lugbara Kingdom Kari Ticitaru (n) United Nations karia (n) bicycle (also baskili, gari) eg Ecora ni karia nzu. kariba Uganda ni (n) Ugandan citizen karibu (interj, n) welcome (also Ma ai mi ra! Liru, adjacent to other ranges named Gala, Kadri, Adrofiya and Njeke (or Njakai) kofia (n) hat eg Emili su kofia. kofulo (n) padlock (also kopolo) koil (n) coil kokaa (n) tickbird koko (adj) firm, tight; [(n) referring to an insect usually when warning kids] kokoa (n) something bad; [woodpecker] kokobi (n) newspaper, book, letter (also waraga) kokobi tujara 'yezu (n) trading licence (also karatasi biasara niri, laisensi) kokoliroko (n) sound made by a cock (also kok-a-doodle-doo, kubaku), dawn, sunrise kokosi (n) safety pin (also kukwasi) kole (n) witch (also oleo) kolikoli (n) wagtail (bird) kolokolo (adj) loose, not firm Kololo (n) village in Tara Subcounty (Maracha) after Tara Health Centre IV on the road to Kubala, place west of Okokoro and near Otravu (Maracha); [hill in Kampala City between Bukoto, Naguru, Nakawa, Kitante and Kamwokya - Independence Ceremonial Grounds; trading centre in Amuru District] koloseni (n) parliament (also palamenti), council kome (n) seat, chair (also kiti, ogunga) eg Prezidenti Godfrey Binaisa kini, "Kome alu!
= News: Edison Adiribo said people must not set garden ends on fire. / RIP eri-i (pron) him/ her erio (n) aerial, antenna eriti (n) clouds eritiru (adj) cloudy Eritrea (n) Danieli ni gari nzu Eritrea ni. ero (v) lift a heavy thing eroo (n) granary (also ero), woven basket-like storage facility with a dome-shaped thatch roof, storage facility for food and valuable items, beneath also serves as a location for the sacrificial altar, solace place for troubled people, songs are composed under it, taboo for men to climb into it, hiding place for children during war, complete removal of the top is a bad omen for starvation erota (n) heavy lifting Eru (n) river between Mt. Indians make something similar from premature maize eg Anzi kelo nya. Kenya (n) zone in Mvara after Zambia Zone, ward in River Oli Division where the 73rd Parliament Charity Organisation was located in 2017, country east of Uganda kerijo (n) mother who has just given birth to a baby keyikeyi (n) sieve ki (pron) them, they; [(v) swallow, are] kibo (n) basket kiboko (n) cane, whip for punishing pupils or students Kievu (n) city of Kiev in Ukraine kijiko (n) spoon Kijomoro (n) place less than half an hour by car north of Arua City kikwasi (n) safety pin kilijuku (n) dark green plant usually used to demarcate plot boundaries (also kalajuku) kilili (adj) right (also kililiru) eg geri kililiru = the right way kiliwiri (n) edible vegetable with serrated leaves and prickly stems kilomgboro (n) very short and cold period kimbelembele (n) gossip kinga (n) bicycle (borrowed from Lingala) kini (v) said eg Bon Jovi kini, "Eri ma idri! kliniki (n) clinic ko (v) sleep, hold, catch kobi (n) four sided basket or woven pad for winnowing through its open side, used for post harvest cleaning of seeds and cleansing a hunter on his first kill by placing it on the head of the carcass before it is butchered kobia (n) basket plate for eating Koboko (n) Kakwa town and district north of Maracha, west of Aringa, also considered a Lugbara clan sometimes because Lugbara is taught in area schools, origin of Idi Amin's father eg Tutu ni aa Koboko-a. kodra (n) papyrus mat (also kolo) Kodro (n) the first rock formation in Tara anticlockwise from Mt. Below is a free electronic Lugbara Dictionary [edited by Aiko 256(712)356257]; it's not as cumbersomely fast as Google Translate but can be accessed more remotely than paperback.aramu (n) fraud (also aramu nyaza) arau (n) monkey archi (n) arch are (v) stuck in the throat, choke ari adaza (n) bloodshed ari coza (n) drumming ari obiza (n) blood test ari'bo (n) enemy, foe, rival eg Sitani ni ama ari'bo. askari (n) soldier eg Buga azini Osubo ki askari UPDF-a. asoso (n) gifts (also feta, fetaa) asu (n) report (also repoti) eg Angela si asu. ata (adv) even; [(n) father] eg Ata dra econi ama awa ku! atalau (n) reverend, clergy (also atalo) Atamva (n) Mister, Mr., used to address a man you do not know Ataza (n) Miss, Ms. azini (adj) another (also azi), (conj) and eg Gaetano mvu rawundi azini. aziri (adj) the other; [(n) seven] azita (n) rule, regulation, policy (also ayota) azitani (adj) legal azo (n) pain, sickness Azo ondrindria niri (n) AIDS (also Silimu) azu (v) block 'ba (n) human, people; [(v) put] 'ba 'ba papiri (n) saviour 'ba 'bani oni tu (n) celebrity 'Ba 'bea (n) people of the northern mountains, a section of Lugbara 'ba aapi suru amveleru (n) diaspora 'ba abala 'bapi miberi (n) rival, competitor 'ba afa eti ondapiri (n) researcher, investigator 'ba azaza (n) lunatic, idiot, mad person 'ba aciza (n) wanderer 'Ba ayia (n) western people, a section of Lugbara 'ba e'yo liba (n) court 'ba e'yo ondripi (n) prophet 'ba imbale (n) disciples 'ba kabilo ocepi (n) shepherd 'ba kalulu 'bepi (n) voter (also agu kalulu 'bepi) 'ba kalulu 'beba (n) voters 'ba matiba (n) my parents 'ba mitiba (n) your parents 'ba mupira bipi (n) goalkeeper 'ba mva ma ta mbapi(ri) (n) guardian (plu. bamia (n) okra Bangala (n) Bangala language, dialect of Lingala spoken in the Oriental Province of DRC bangi (n) marijuana, prohibited weed that is smoked bangiri (n) jaw Bangiriyo (n) the first trading centre or T-Junction (diversion) after River Asa and just before Muni University eg Okumu ni aa Bangiriyo-a. banja (n) loan, debt (also deni, deno) banki (n) bank eg Rutu nga azi banki-a. bari (adj) good, proper basi (n) bus baskili (n) bicycle (also gari) bati (n) corrugated iron or metallic sheet batri (n) battery eg Timoteo ni batri ozi. batisimu (n) baptism (also ru biza) be (prep) with eg "Gone With The Wind (film)" was released in 1939. Beliji (n) Belgium (also Beluji) beseni (n) basin (also bafu) beti (n) bet bi (n) ear; [(v) mud (eg a hut), hold, catch, arrest] bi edu (n) ear lobe (also bi edo) biabia (n) earrings, earphones biasara (n) business bibi (adj) dark; [(n) lollipop] Bibia (n) place near Osu Biblia (n) Bible (also Bibilia) bidi (n) sharp pointed long metal tool attached to a wooden pole Bidi Bidi (n) place in Yumbe used as a Refugee Resettlement Camp biko (n) insect wings, fruit cover bile (n) wound (also ibi, ibile) bile ako (n) refusal to listen Bileafe (n) subcounty in Terego where the agofe system was tried bilekoko (n) deaf person bilendu liza (n) warning Biliafe (n) place 23 km east from Mvara reachable via Oluko Road biringanya (n) eggplant birisi (n) mat (also mukeka) biskiti (n) biscuit (also bisikiti) bitkoini (n) bitcoin eg Nakamoto ni bitkoini ayu. bizua (n) small basket container with handle for carrying bean and millet seedlings blogu (n) blog boda (n) boda boda rider bofulo (n) boflo-shaped bread bogoya (n) bananas eg Bogoya ni 'bo! bokora (n) banana-like fruit but sometimes bigger eg Jeff ni bokora sa. bokisi (n) box bolo bara (n) type of wood bonga (n) fist greeting, (v) make a fist to meet another person's fist bongo (n) cloth boroko (n) hut, temporary house borondua (n) rebel (also adui) eg Achan ni Borondua. boti (n) boot, boots breki (n) brake eg Nyaku ma breki ce-i ra. (fig) briki (n) brick briki 'be (v) lay bricks brocua (n) brochure eg Asiimwe ni brocua ide. bua (adj, adv, prep) up Bua (n) male given name budu budu (adj) foamy eg soap, gigantic buku (n) book eg "Ezati pi Candiru Be Azini Agipi" ni buku 'bani Lugbarati imbazu eli alusi azini irisi. 'dale (adv) like that, like it; [that side] 'dani dani (adj) continuous 'de (v) die, fall 'dere (adv) exactly, on the dot eg etu 8 'dere = exactly 2pm 'di (adj) this; [(v) kill, rain] 'dia (adv) here 'dini (adv) like this, correct, true 'disi (adv) with this eg Aki (Chinedu Ikedieze) azini Pawpaw (Osita Iheme) ki Ediofe-a saa 'disi!Meanwhile others are the same sound depending on context eg to beat with a stick and draw pictures is [o]gba. = 12 o' clock has arrived already, we ate staple food with angara fish.Some words are said threeways like valley = a'bu, e'bu and i'bu or twoways like fish = e'bi and i'bi; I try to list the Ayivu standard ones first. [Nursery Rhyme] angarawa (n) skinless cowpeas or beans, slightly fried or cooked and mixed with groundnut paste [Terego dialect] (also angaraba) angiri (n) a lot angu (n) place eg Davidi ni angu we. angu biza (n) darkness, night angu dali (n) low place, valley eg Majidu sa maaku angu dali-a. angu driza (n) heat angu ezoza (n) development angu mile (n) weather angu ndriza (n) peace angu nguru (n) plateau angu nya (v) enjoy life angu oneza (n) tourism (maybe also turismo) eg Wekesa ni angu oneza icu. angu patiru (n) forest (also oce, obibi) angu yikoko (n) desert (also angu yikoko azini cinyaki ru ni, nyamuko) anibo (n) refugee, foreigner, asylum seeker (also emunyale) anya (n) millet, cereals Anyafio (n) suburb in Arua City east of Osu River and near the Arua Golf Course, originally for white colonialists, "anya fi yo" means "no millet seeds" anyafura (n) flour anyajo (n) stomach, belly anyamgbolo (n) corruption, enjoying alone (also anyambolo) anyapa (n) animal, bride price anyapa tambaza (n) animal rearing Anyara (n) community known to be stupid (Wajinga in Swahili) anyawio (n) Adam's apple anyi (n) irony, sarcasm anyoya (n) boiled maize seeds and beans plus fried onions for breakfast or a meal (also called mix in Arua Town, githeri in Kikuyu), staple food of the Japadhola who are Luo like Alur and Kenyans, means "fermented" in Alur and is usually prepared at night to be consumed in the morning anyu oso (n) honey syrup (literally honey fats) anzi (n) children anzinyiri (n) small children anzoroko (n) chain aoko (n) anger (also awoko) apa (v) run away, escape eg Kunta Kinte apa. aparaka (n) carelessness, unseriousness, frivolousness apata (n) loins ape ti (v) comment api (v) get satisfied; [(n) white ants collected in the middle of the night around 11pm to midnight (also inia)] apife (n) role model apinaka (n) hedgehog apipi (n) boil (also opipia) apiza (n) satisfaction apu (n) mobile application apusimu (n) app phone apu stowa (n) app store Apurutandi (n) Protestant (also Purukati) ara (n) python, cover Arabiti (n) Arabic language arakala (n) branch eg Crane Bank ma arakala Arua ri andraa Arua Public Primary School mupira pari ma drile-a. [Lugbara Proverb] aria anya (n) rice (also mucele) arika (n) dysentry arikari (adj) delicious Ariwara (n) trading town in northeastern DR Congo, means "the blood dried" in Lugbara aro (n) eight; [medicine (also dawa)] aro azo ogapi (n) vaccine aro jo (n) drug house, drugshop, pharmacy, health centre, hospital aro nyakuni (n) herbalist medicine, herbalism aroni (n) female (said of animals) Arseno (n) Arsenal Football Club (also Aseno) eg Arseno nde Ulaya ma Cup Winners Cup eli 1970 si. aru (n) prison (also aru jo), prisoner, sprain eg Nelson Mandela aa aru-a eli 27. Aru (n) place in Congo west of Vurra Arua (n) town in northwestern Uganda, second Busiest Airfield (RUA) in the Republic, 13 km east of the DR Congo borderline, established on 14th June 1914, one of the Best Medium-size Cities in Africa during 2015, Arua Hill (n) hill that inspired the name Arua [because of the Belgian colonial prison (Aru in Lugbara) that used to be on it] found directly southwards from Arua Avenue; city division, subcounty in Arua District - others include Adumi, Ajia, Arivu, Aroi, Dadamu, Logiri, Manibe, Offaka, Ogoko, Okollo, Oli River, Oluko, Pajulu, Rhino Camp, Rigbo, Uleppi and Vurra ARUDIFA (abbr) Arua District Farmers Association arumadri (n) policewoman eg Jeni ni arumadri. arusu (n) bride (also amuroo, mugole) Aruu (n) place in Uganda eg Otto ni mu Aruu-a. Asa (n) river in the valley north of Muni University, at the end of Barifa Forest aseti (n) asset asi (n) heart; [end; tear] asi 'ba (phr v) hope, trust eg Eri aluzaru tu asi 'bazu YESU dria! asialuza (n) sweetheart eg Ajuru edri simu waraga aliaru i-ma asialuza vu. asianzu (n) peace, mercy asi'baza (n) hope asi'daza (n) commitment asi'duza (n) forgetting asiliza (n) stomach pain asindriza (n) mercy, peace eg Asindriza Kristo dri 'ba woro ni! asiomiza (n) counselling asionzi (n) malice (also malaja) eg Asionzi adreni muke ku. asiotiza (n) worry asisile (n) reason, purpose, interest, company mission asiteza (n) patience, tolerance, endurance asiza (n) ending eg Asiza eca ra! asizu (adv) finally; (n) last, bottom, end, stop, for stoppage eg Nalubega ai adui ma "ni pari eyi ni asizu ri". Wati, Teeth Can Lost - Part 2 cinyaki (n) sand (also cinya) cipini (n) chip in soccer (also chipini) ciri (pron) any co (v) sneeze, fight, beat coki (n) chalk coko (n) bone (also falako) coko coko (n) bottle crown (also cokolo) coni ku (phr v) cannot (also econi ku) coroni (n) latrine (jo were) coti (adv) at once, immediately cua (n) weaverbird (also cuwa, chüa) cucu (n) sweet round yellowish fruit encased in a papery husk, peruvian groundcherry, husk tomato, tomatillo, physalis peruviana, Chinese lantern, ntunduku in Meru (Kenya), entuutu in Runyankole culu (n) mister 'da (adv) there, that; [(v) abuse, insult, name; fast, lick] eg Weatherhead Park Lane ma ru 'ba 'da Arthur Evelyn Weatherheard ma vutisi.= My president is Black, but his house is all white. = Yemala respect for yourself GOD's name without fear. = Let respect stand in its place/ All protocol observed! [Lugbara Proverb] kaati (n) door Kabaka (n) king of the Baganda kabalagala (n) pancake kabilo (n) sheep kabilo ago (n) ram kabilo aroni (n) ewe kabilomva (n) lamb, young sheep eg Daudi ni kabilomva oce. kadi (n) card kadogo (n) young gun kafiri (n) pagan kafu (n) small hoe (also kafua) kafuto (n) foam, lather kai (adj) in vain kaiko (n) beans [in Terego dialect] (also osu) kaiko burusu (n) peas Kairo (n) Cairo, capital city of Egypt kajo (n) calf (also kajoa) kaka (n) maize, relative eg Ali Kiba ni ma kaka. Mikaeli Jordani (irizo drieji), Bill Gates (dri ada asizu) [i-ma oku Melinda be: zizaru eri ma kala-a] azini 'ba ndundu kakau isu ki Medali Driwali ni White House-a Prezident Barack Obama (irizo driada) vu eli 2016 Kakau (n) Legion Demons Kakwa (n) Luo tribe north of Lugbara Kakwati (n) Kakwa language kala (n) side (also woko) kala andraleruri (n) north kala etu ni efuria (n) east side kala etu ni deria (n) west side kalaa (adv) aside; [(n) metallic basin] kalafe (n) amount, number of kalamanda (n) sandals, slippers kalamu (n) pen, pencil kalasi (prep) on the side kalati (n) side (also woko) kali (n) kraal; [stick] kalikali (adj) sweet kalitusi (n) eucalyptus kalooli (n) marabou stork kalulu (n) election kame (n) spoon, ladle Kameruni (c) Cameroon eg Mr. Wati Road at the T-Junction that connects to Hospital Road (also Ociba Kost, Coast) kota (n) pyramidal food cover eg Nubian kota koti (n) coat koyo (n) type of calabash kpekpereko (n) old papyrus mat kpembere (adv) steadily, definitely (also pembere) kpere (conj) upto, until kperekpere (adv) straight away, at once, old papyrus mat kpete (n) local beer (also kwete) kpi (adj) straight, upright kpua (n) gun (also osu, bunduki) krabu (n) crab, water animal with five legs on each side and large claws on the front two Krismasi (n) Christmas eg Eri bongo o'di je Krismasi si. Kristiani (n) Christian kruu (n) crew ku (adv) no, (suffix) does not, (v) leave eg Trisha ku mi ku! kubaku (n) sound made by a chicken like cock-a-doodle-doo, kokoliroko Kubaku (n) name of a fictional Ugandan supershero and means "loyal", "faithful" or "doesn't leave" Kubala (n) market near Tara kubi (n) sauce pot kukute (adj) thick Kulikulinga (n) junction on Arua-Yumbe Road after Nyoko Primary School, trading centre and village about 46 kilometres westwards from the Obongi Ferry Crossing that links to Adjumani, 25 kilometres from Ariwa (Kulikulia in Aringa) eg Alokore ni aa Kulikulinga-a. In 1912, the southern half of Lado was ceded to Uganda, a British protectorate and became West Nile (also Lado Exclave) lai (n) type of green vegetable (also layi) laisensi (n) license lakini (conj) but (also te) lamu (n) tarmac Landani (n) London, LDN eg Amaguru ni aa Landani-a. langda (n) leisure forum for drinking traditional beer lanjura (n) single, unmarried man (also ojolo) lata (n) reading, counting, laying down, lying down Latini (n) Latin layini (n) line layini dria (adv) online lazanya (n) lasagne, wide and flat pasta eg Lazanya 'ba ideni biringanya si ku, te nganu. Lazebu (n) place in Vurra le (adj) like; [(n) milk (also lesu)] Leforo gbanda (n) cassava-tasting tuber that germinates when a palmnut is planted in a sweet potato-growing type of mound, usually roasted or boiled (also itu ola, itu olaa) leja leja (n) casual labour lejo (n) index finger (also lejoa) leleo (n) morning star lesu (n) milk; [cloth women tie around their body] eg Mi owu lesu i-adapibori si ku! [Lugbara Proverb] leta kokoru (adj) without love, cruel leta si (adv) with love letaru (adj) loving, affectionate leuta (n) food cover li (n) thigh; [(v) cut, mop, clean, judge; roll (eg ball), blow (said of wind)] li ti (phr) interrupt sb talking (idiom), directly translated: cut mouth eg Fozy li ma ti. lico (n) home [in Aringa dialect]; kraal ligaliga (n) gecko ligi (n) league likico (n) orphan likinya (n) yam (also girinya) Lingala (n) Lingala lira (n) type of tree liri (adj) high, up Liru (n) mountain immediately north of Maracha but in Koboko with Lurujo Road in between the districts with a customised view from Komendaku Rock liza (n) cutting, slaughtering, judgement, mopping, cleaning, rolling lo (v) harvest (cereals), slaughter Lobule (n) village in Koboko near Tara Lodonga (n) place in Yumbe where Lodonga Seminary is located Logiri (n) subcounty in the Vurra County of Arua District, proposed site for transferring Barifa Forest to create land for a futuristic Nile Eco City logo (n) bare-necked chicken Loinya (n) place after Nyadri Town along Koboko Highway loki (n) semen, sperms lokira (n) elbow Lokiragodo (n) trading centre at the edge of Ayivu as you enter Maracha on Koboko Highway near a forest lokiri (n) trick, bad manners lolipopu (n) lollipop lolo (n) cock (in Ayivu) loma (n) rib loni (n) loan loinyi (n) wealth lonyi nyakuari (n) mammon, money (literally wealth on Earth) Loinyitualu (n) Commonwealth lori (n) lorry (also loori) eg Godwin tu lori dria. lorika (n) oval-shaped fruit with a red outer cover and white interior plus a sharp taste, available in Vurra and Congo loza (n) harvest lu (adv) just, only, exactly; [(v) look, see (also ilu), make a hole through something] eg Arua lu aluzaru! Lu (n) Lugbara dialect in DR Congo ludo (n) ludo game, gambling using dice eg Karile ki ludo avi. lufe (n) mingling stick Lugbara (n) northwest Ugandan tribe recognised in the National Constitution since Independence but occupied Central Africa long before colonialists arrived, among the Top 10 Most Populous Tribes in Uganda, eastern Congolese natives, also found in southern South Sudan, with similar names and words like West Africans; people whose common ancestry according to mythology is at Mt. Below are translated Commands you might see one Day in the mega, super-smart Videophones of the future [Vidiosimu] or at a GSMA Mobile World Congress:.Imvepi (n) parish in Odupi Subcounty of Terego County in Arua District, one of Arua's Refugee Settlement Areas opened in February 2017 to host South Sudanese imvi (v) return, come back eg Nayiti imvi ini si. imvu (n) pot (pronoinced invu) imu (phr v) come; [mix] eg Mi imu mavu! ina (v) appear eg John Rambo ina Abayita Ababiri-a. inata (n) appearance inda (v) search, google indaneti (n) internet eg angu imve indaneti = white space internet indi (adv) too eg Dangote ni simiti ide indi. (fig) inzo (n) lie(s), falsehood(s), deception(s) ipa (v) attach; [rob, take away forcefully] ipi (n) chin (also tiso) eg Tibitibi ni zo ipi dria. ireje (n) plant that grows like a gourd from which drinking cups are cut iribi (n) pasture, green vegetable (also tibi ini) eg Adia ni iribi a'di. kulu (adv) big, main (also kulukulu); [grasshopper, locust] (totem for Maracha Clan) kulukulu (n) turkey, gourd Kuluva (n) suburb and parish south of Arua City, where Kuluva Hospital and Uganda Baati are located kumra (n) plant oil (also kumura odu) kumu (n) knee (also kumuti), stumbling block kumuti si (v) kneel kuru (prep) round (also kurukuru) kuruku chai (n) lemon grass kuta (n) cone-shaped wooven food warmer kuu (adj) famous eg YESU ma ru kuu! Wati and occupy the plateau west of the White (Albert) Nile, someone with both or at least one Lugbara parent or ancestor - Omulugwara (in Luganda) Lugbaraganda (n) half-breed who is both Lugbara and Muganda, someone with parents from both Lugbaraland and Buganda, colloquailly a Lugbara who prefers to be associated with Buganda and denies, rejects or loses interest in his/ her real tribe [pronounced Lubaraganda] eg Angubua ni Lugbaraganda ni. Lugbarap (n) Lugbara Rap and Hiphop, Lugbara Flow, Lugba-flow, Gbara-flow eg "Ndrizaristic" engazu Jobian Tick azini Black Lion ni Lugbarap ongo. He replied that he would forward my Concern to the relevant Office.eg Ataza Kawino = Miss Kawino ati (v) support, cure, heal eg Nanyombi ni Liverpool FC ati. ati'boo (n) servant atiati (adj) drunk atii (n) father atiliko (n) fireplace eg Atiliko aci ni 'ba ve ni. atri (v) stop, block atu (v) kick; [squat] atuluku (n) fireplace au (n) chicken eg Rita ni Arua Au Osiza nya. auaroni (n) hen (also auandri) auata (n) cock (also auago) (totem for Adjumani Madi Clan) augbe (n) chicken egg ava (n) breath, fondness, interest eg Mi ava fu ma! ava efi (n) manure, fertiliser ava liza (n) rest, retirement, relaxation ava liza isupi'bo (adj) retired (also ava liza isupira) eg Imbapi ava liza isupi'bo ri taya. avata (n) avatar avi (v) get lost; [play] eg Mva avi Odramacako-a Krismasi si. avita (n) play, drama, game, sports avivi (n) flavour, odour, stench avizaru (adj) lost avu (n) deadbody, corpse, carcass; (v) bend; [drown] awa (v) quarrel; [divide, separate, share] awata (n) quarrel, separation, division Awata (n) name given by Kebu during their migration to a place currently called Ewuata, means "Let us separate or depart" awi (n) heritage; [(v) remain] eg Mc Allister ma mva asizuri awi akua a'dule. Awindiri (n) suburb on Nebbi Highway south of Arua City immediately after Sambya, name given by Kebu during their migration meaning "Let us unite, stay harmonised" awoko (n) anger awoko fefe (adj) offensive awokoru (adj) angry, irritable awu (n) cry, pity, sorrow; [(v) peel off skin, burn outer part quickly] eg Lazaro ka andraa e'yo eri ra fo, ta 'di we 'do, awu azi ta 'do yo. 'ba anzi ma ta mbaba) 'ba ode (n) youth (also yuthu, karile, ezoanzi, anzi zoba zozo) 'ba odrapi 'bo engazu idriru dika (n) resurrection 'ba onduaru diyi (n) wise men from the East, Magi, three kings from the Orient 'ba opele (n) chosen, elected people 'ba rua acobe (n) person with disability 'Ba YEHOVA ma E'yo eti nzepi (n) JEHOVAH's witness (plu. = "Ezati pi Candiru Be Azini Agipi" is a book used to teach Lugbara language in Year 1 and 2 (P1 and P2). = Aki (Chinedu Ikedieze) and Pawpaw (Osita Iheme) are in Ediofe right now!= If Lazarus had sometime ago listened to advice, then, there wouldn't be any cry here. 'Ba YEHOVA ma E'yo eti nzepi 'diyi) 'baako (n) loneliness, destitution 'bakalafe (n) population 'bako (n) without people 'bakoko (adj) lonely 'bata (n) placement 'be (n) mountain, hill, rock; [(v) throw] 'be wereari (n) hill 'bea (n) north direction, because the northern part of Lugbaraland is full of big hills 'bi (v) taste 'bi'bia (n) bat; [umbrella] 'bi'bio (n) star 'biko (n) feather, body hair 'bile (n) hole, pit (also 'bule) eg Tabi kini agupi 'bile gapi ecoki mi 'be aleni-a. ba (adj) OK, good, alright, fine; [(n) breast] baasa (n) envelope baba (n) father, paps bada (adj) anyhow badabada (adv) randomly badaka (adj) many, plenty, big bafu (n) bathroom baka (n) rope baka se (phr v) compete baketi (n) bucket bakule (n) bowl, satellite dish (also bakuli) eg Startimes ma bakule = Startimes satellite dish balangiti (n) blanket (also blangiti) balibali (adj, adv) aimlessly, confused, madly (also badaru, sakaru) eg Odota aci balibali. bunia (n) fist, boxing sport burusu (n) tree beans bushera (n) fermented non-alcoholic cereal (usually millet) drink originally from Western Uganda busu (n) cat (also busua, bura, mbusua) eg Busu ni au nyiri nya sa dria. ca'bo (adj) enough caca (adj) woven, plaited, knitted cai (n) tea leaves caja (n) charger cali (n) person, lad, Charlie calo (n) village candi (n) suffering, trouble, sorrow, pity, danger (also chandi) cano (n) channel (also chano) eg GOtv ma cano daktari pini ci? capirisi (adj) just enough carani (n) sewing machine ce (v) tear, break free eg Ndri ce ki-i te. ceni (pron, adj) by her/ himself/ itself, automatic (also isi) cere (n) yell ceza (adj) torn chapati (n) chapati eg Rozi ni chapati ide. 'do (adv) here (also 'dole) 'du (n) millet (also anya); [(v) immerse slightly, pick eg with tongue (also 'doo), belch] da (v) pour, get away; [(n) smoking pipe] eg Arshad da Curry Powder tibi-a. dada (n) dadi, father, nickname given to Amin for his love of women daka (n) chaff eg of beans, groundnuts, simsim dakika (n) minute daku (n) food Muslims eat before sunrise during Ramadan dali (n) low dani (adj) free, (adv) maybe, probably, perhaps dani dani (adv) for ever dania (n) coriander danzi (n) dance (also danji) de (v) finish; [get old] eg Adebo de azi 'bo. debe (n) metallic container usually rectangular dedekoa (n) very old woman eg Princess Bagaya ni dedekoa. deni (n) debt (also deno, mari) depoti (n) depot eg Juma je Pepsi Alaska Depoti-a. dere'ba (n) driver (also dereva, agu motoka onzupi) derisa (n) window desi (conj) when (also de) eg Irene Manjeri mu 'Bu-a desi eri eli 11. The same applies to Compound Words eg asindriza = peace (literally beautiful or nice heart)! = According to the language of riddles: A rope is offals, a hammer is a cow's hoof. From personal observation as a Side B Lugbara (born and raised outside Lugbaraland), some words are repeated to create a new word and can be separated by a gap or joined together without a hyphen nor dash eg munimuni = soft. a'diko (n) riddle eg A'diko ti si: Baka fi ni, nyondo ni ti ma mulokoni.It is also the main one used on UBC Radio (formerly Radio Uganda), Voice Of Life (probably since 1997 though I started listening in 2000), Arua One (since 2002), Koboko FM, Nile FM (since 2004), Radio Pacis, plus BTN Television (from 2003) and in Voice Commands for Airtel Uganda. a'bi'ba (n) ancestral ghost spirits eg Luka esu a'bi'ba Goli-a. a'bici (n) heartburn a'bu (n) valley (also e'bu & i'bu); [fatness; covering; (v) cover; fatten] a'bu mile (n) swamp a'bua (n) banana, plantain eg Munguleni sa a'bua Osu-a. a'buza (adj) fat, obese (also mere mere) eg Silasi ni abuza. a'da (v) insult, abuse, point out (an issue) a'data (n) insult, abuse a'danga (n) criticism a'di (n) war, battle, fight; [(v) cook] eg Mi a'di mani mutere! adri (n) brother (also adrii), means rock in Hindi adriza (n) behaviour adra (n) fetish (also uri, yakani), violence, anger ADROA (n) the Creator; sky GOD in Lugbara mythology appears in both good and evil aspects though a single Deity, appeared on earth as a very tall white man near death with only one half of the body, missing one eye, one leg, etc; Divine Absolute Spirit, his children were adroanzi (also ADRO, ADROO, ADROU) eg ADROA 'ba o'bapiri = GOD who created people adroanzi (n) children of ADROA; nature gods of specific rivers, trees and other sacred wild areas, protect people but can also kill and eat them, sometimes known as water snakes adrogo (n) idol, false god eg Muhammad nze adrogo karakara Kaba ma ageia Mecca-a. adu (n) humour adui (n) rebel, enemy eg Sanbalati ni Nehemia ma adui! adungu (n) multi-stringed and bow-arched wooden instrument that is usually covered with animal hide at the base and made in various sizes, the smaller ones are handheld while the bigger ones rest on the ground or floor for easy play eg Godia ni adungu avi. afa (n) property, riches, wealth, thing afa azi (n) something (also pronounced afazi) afa feza (n) thanksgiving afa ofuza (n) production afazu (n) utensils, container (also afajo) afi (v) burst eg Mupira afi. afimaniru (adj) selfish, self-centred Afrika (n) Africa eg Wakabi ni aa Afrika-a. afu (v) compete, break something fragile; (n) pride; [fight] afu 'ba (phr v) put on airs afuru (v) proud eg Baganda ki afuru eyi ma suru si. aise (n) grass aise geri (n) anus (also ezele, ojuu) aisu (n) sauce aita (n) faith (sometimes aitaa though might mean sth else) eg Aita ma mba oni le, ma mba kongolo. aitipa (n) sun-wivered salty leaves burnt to create salt after mixing the ash with water and sieving through a container aiza (n) prayers, fellowship aizu (v) beseech Ajai (n) game reserve towards eastern Arua on Rhino Camp Road, used to be famous for the endangered white rhino Ajara (n) suburb in Ayivu north of Manibe on Koboko Highway, church near Omi aje (n) buying, cost, price; [traditional marriage, give away, kwanjula] eg Ndri ma aje Uganda ma Silingi 50,000. aje koko (adj) free, priceless, cheap eg buku aje koko = free book aje manyaka (n) small price (also o'boloko aje) ajee (adv) yesterday ajeru (n) expensive eg E nga azi pere afa ajeru ni ecazu ajekoko. aji (n) taste, flavour, blessing (drileba), luck eg Harrieti ni aji ru. aji di (v) defame, cause to lose interest, dilute taste, spoil name or reputation, pour mud on, scorn ajiko (n) pot for preparing millet flour; [tastelessness (also ajiyo)] Ajikoro (n) place in Maracha ajira (n) beans with skin removed and mixed with groundnut paste plus mundrokole greens (also loperete) Ajira (n) marketplace in Tara aju (n) spear; [(v) insult using obscene words] Ajua (n) great grandfather of the seven true Tara parishes in Maracha named after his seven grandchildren through Opodria (whose mother was given to him in Onduparaka) then Naye.Some words are borrowed or modified from English and other languages like Swahili and Lingala. = Muhammad removed many idols near the Kaaba in Mecca. In Ovisoni during his quest to find the source of Enyau River, Ajua paid brideprice for another wife who gave birth to Otu, the father of Vurra after whom a clan and county are named in western Arua District eg Ajua ni a'bi mba Tara ni woro. aka (adv) deliberately akaaka (adj) soft akanya (n) ass akaza (v) soft, weak, moulten akiri (n) skill, trick, innovation ako (prep) without akpa (v) combine, add to, mix akpaakpa (adv) combined, (n) mixture, combination akpaku (n) chin aku ambo (n) city, headquarters eg Kristof mu aku ambo Kinshasa-a! akua (adv) at home eg Azi ma vutia, Boyka ni mvi akua. akufi (n) yeast (also aku fi) eg Mukati 'ba ede akufi si. akuku (n) rainstorm akumanikuye (n, informal) generosity ala (adj) clean, neat, smart, good, fine; [(n) paste from groundnuts or simsim; (v) put across] (also odi) ala pititi (adj) very good alaka (n) kind of grass used to make fire to catch or collect white ants (also galaka) alanda (n) bread made from small white ants (also amboroko) alapapa (n) butterfly alata (n) health ale (n) love, liking (also leta); [stomach, belly, inside (also aleni)] eg A'duni nga ama awa ale MUNGU ni be ni? ali (adj) short (also alia), (adv) far away; (v) pass by, cut [(n) adultery (also ali'baza), crime] Aliba (n) village in Ayivu County Alifa azini Omega (n) Alpha & Omega alifu (n) thousand Alikua Pyramid (n) pyramid built in Maracha during the 1920s by Belgians alimva (v) bastard, illegitimate child alio (n) poverty eg Alio le ma nde. alipi (n) friend (also agoyi) eg Cecilia ni ma alipi! aliria (n) virgin alitara (n) altar aliza (n) cut (something) alo (n) peg for tethering animals aloalo (adj) loose, not tightly fixed alofe (n) bridge (also olufe) alota (n) loosening aloza (adj) loosened alu (n) one, singular; [mole, grasscutter; taste, sweetness (also aluta); (v) peep] alu alu (adj) tasty; [one by one] alugbe (n) unhatched egg aluma (n) curse Alur (n) Luo tribe south of Lugbara Aluru (n) Lugbara dialect in DR Congo aluruga (n) south direction, because of proximity to Alur People (also baria) Aluruti (n) Alur language alutukubi (n) creeping greens aluza (adj) tasty eg Roleksi ni aluza. ama (pron) we, us; [(v) assess, judge, feel] amamu (n) pigeon ambasada (n) ambassador Ambeko (n) place between Mvara and Muni ambiambi (adj) cold eg Angu ambiambi Kigezi-a! Ambo 5 (n) the Big 5 eg Ambo 5 mi isu woro suru were ma-a ekile Uganda; eyi: ewa, odru, obirio, kami azini o'du!maka (n) charcoal eg Maka Cuu ni Silamu ma Nyadri Pari azini Hoteli Royal vu. Nio (n) Lugbara dialect in DR Congo (very similar to Ugandan Lugbara) nita (n) knowledge niza (adj) ripe, dark njarunjaru (n) greens and beans njolonjolo (adj) soft (also onukunuru, munimuni) no (v) roar noi (adj) slow, sluggish noza (n) roaring ntula (n) green berries Nubi (adj, n) Nubian tribe Nubiti (n) Kinubi, Nubian language nufi (n) greed eg M7 kini ileni 'ba nufi tro ri ku. Then a South Sudanese Acholi who is a huge Fan of my half Muganda, half Lugbara Tribesmate plus other Artistes asked me to teach her Luganda so that she can understand the Lyrics in Ugandan Music; she speaks fluent Arabic but dislikes the upper Arabian Sudanese who tormented her People before Independence.